Cattle: This refers to the entire Bovine species

Cow: Female cattle of mature age which have had one or more parturitions

Heifer: Female cattle of immature age which has not produced any offspring

Bull: A mature male cattle

Calf: Young cattle of either sex less than one year old and usually not weaned Calve: Act of giving birth (parturition) in cattle

Bull Calf: Young male cattle under two years of age

Steer: Male cattle which has been castrated at early age

Stag: Male cattle which was castrated after reaching sexual maturity

Free Martin: Refers to Female cattle born as a twin along with a male cattle which is usually sexually sterile

In-calf: Pregnant cow

SWINE: Refers to entire porcine species that has reached mature age

SOW: A mature female pig that has given birth at least once

Farrowing: The act of giving birth in swine

Gilt: Female swine/pig of immature age or which has not produced any offspring

Boar: A mature male swine

Piglet: Young pig of either sex

Litter: Entire offsprings produced at a single birth (parturition)

Barrow: Male swine that has been castrated at an early age

Hog: The entire swine species reaching mature age

In-sow: Pregnant sow

SHEEP: Refers to entire ovine species

Ewe: Refers to female sheep after reaching sexual maturity and has produced one or more offsprings

Ram: Mature male sheep

Lamb: Refers to sexually immature sheep of either sex

Lambing: act of giving birth in sheep

Ram Lamb: sexually immature male sheep

Ewe lamb: Sexually immature female sheep

Wether: Male sheep castrated at an early age

Fleece: The wool of a single sheep

GOAT: Refers to the entire caprine supp

Buck or Billy: Mature male goat

Doe or Nanny: Refers to female goat that has given birth once or twice

Kid: Young or sexually immature goat of either sex

Kidding: Act of giving birth in goat

In-Kid: Pregnancy in goat

Castrate: Castrated male at an early age

POULTRY: Refers to entire avian species. These include domestic fowls, duck, goose, turkey, guinea fowl and pigeon.

Hen: Sexually mature female chicken

Cock: Sexually mature male chicken

Pullet: Sexually immature female chicken

Cockerel: Sexually immature male fowl

Capon: Male chicken castrated at an early age

Chick: Very young chicken of either sex

Chicken: Domestic fowl of either sex and of any age

Fertility: The ability of an animal to reproduce. In the case of poultry it is the percent of eggs set which develops an embryo

Set: The acts of placing eggs under a hen or in an incubator

Hatch: The emergency of chick from the egg shell

Fowl: Any vertebrate containing wings and feathers

Hatchability: The percent of eggs set which produce a living chick

RABBIT: Refers to oryctolagus cuniculus group of animals. They exist in the border line between the ruminant and the non-ruminant animals i.e. they are herbivores.

Rabbit buck: Refers to mature male rabbit

Kindling: act of giving birth

Rabbit Doe: Refers to mature female rabbit

Broiler: Poultry of either sex produced for meat purpose and slaughtered between the ages of 8 and 12 weeks and weighing from 1.6 to 2.4kg



Lactation: Act of milk production

Parturition: Act of giving birth to offspring

Weaning: Removal of young one from milk feeding

Concentrate: Feeds that are low in fibre but high in total digestible nutrients

Roughage: Feeds that is high in fibre but low in total digestible nutrients

Udder: refers to the milk gland of an animal

Service: This is mating, coitus, breed, sexual intercourse or copulation between male and female domestic animals. The best results are usually achieved when the female is on heat. Service can be natural or artificial. Natural service is the direct mating of male and female animals.

Artificial Insemination: Is the artificial process of placing the spermatozoa in a position for contact with the female ovum or egg by an instrument other than pennies.

Oestrus cycle: The interval from the beginning of one heat period to the start of the next

Heat or estrus: Is a regular period in the female mammals when copulation is allowed or period of sexual desire in female animal.

Libido: Period of sexual desire in male animals

Pregnancy: Period from the time of conception to the time the animal gives birth to the offspring. It is described as the growth of foetus within the uterus of the female animal.

Still birth: When the foetus is born dead after a full time pregnancy. It could be as a result of prolonged labour in which case the foetus become tired and eventually died or infectio in the uterus or accidental blow on the foetus, in the uterus.

Abortion: When the foetus is born before time. This could be as a result of disease such those caused by Brucella spp. Mixing of animals of different sources can also cause abortion e.g. when the males are still struggling to mate the pregnant female.

Parturition: The act of giving birth to offspring

Lactation: The act of producing milk

Udder: The milk gland

Wean: To cease providing milk in the ration of the young animal

Ruminant herbivore: Compartmented stomach animal e.g. cattle, sheep & goat Non ruminant herbivore: simple stomach ruminant e.g. Horse

Non herbivore: Monogastrics


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