Roles and Responsibilities of Policy Stakeholders

 

Roles and Responsibilities of Policy Stakeholders


A stakeholder is an individual or group that makes a difference or that can affect or be affected by the achievement of the organization's objectives

Introduction Stakeholder are interested in carrying out a company for reasons other than just shares appreciation. Stakeholders could be employees who, without the company, would not have a job.

Someone or group who hold investments, share, or interest in something, as a business or industry. Stakeholder participation is this increasingly important for transport policy making.

This hassle is due to the many groups who having role in environmental issues, of competing interests of stakeholders and the involvement of several levels of ranging policy areas, national and international.

It is equally important to address the roles and responsibilities of the three tiers of government and the private sector in agricultural policy for Nigeria.

This article is set to address this very crucial aspect of agricultural policy planning and development.

 

Read: 10 Major Problems of Agricultural Planning in Developing


The Roles and Responsibilities of Various Tiers of Government



Roles and Responsibilities of Policy Stakeholders

In order to reduce areas of overlap and duplication of efforts between the three tiers of government in the country, the responsibilities of the Federal, State and Local Governments are clearly indicated in this section. The exact mode of operation in some of the areas of intervention is contained in subsequent subsections.

 

Read: The Concept of Planning and Agricultural Development Planning


The Roles and Responsibilities of Federal Government

The main areas of direct involvement of the Federal Government will be:

1. The provision of the general policy framework within which agriculture will develop and guidance to state and other public agencies on areas of emphasis for investment, particularly in strategic products.

2. Research into all facets of agriculture, including the provision of breeding stock and foundation seeds of improved varieties, brood stock and improved fast-growing hybrid species as well as fish seed.

3. The control of pests and diseases of national and international significance.

4. The development of water resources, including the construction and maintenance of small, medium and large dams for irrigation, aquaculture (fish farming), rural water supplies and other uses and the construction of boreholes; maintaining strategic grains and animal product reserves for purpose of food security.

5. The establishment and maintenance of a national capability for animal and fish diseases control through a virile Federal Veterinary and Public Health Service.

6. Advise on agricultural produce tariff and pricing policy through representations in appropriate policy formulation committees.

7. The promotion of sale of exportable agricultural produce outside the country.

8. The maintenance of a reasonable flow of resources into agriculture and rural development by way of matching grants, subventions and investments in Federal, joint Federal and State, State and other specialized projects and by creating conditions which facilitate resources flows from other sources.

9. The training of manpower for agricultural development.

10. The establishment of an Agricultural Insurance Scheme.

11. The promotion of appropriate technology in agricultural production, preservation, processing and storage through the development of prototypes and pilot projects as a follow-up to research inventions.

12.  The coordination of the nation‘s forest development efforts including forest resources development and utilization afforestation, wildlife conservation and management.

13.  The coordination of data collection.

14. The inventorisation of land resources through soil survey and soil fertility mapping and the control of land use and land degradation for effective soil conservation.

 

Read:  11 Major Importance of Agricultural Development


The Roles and Responsibilities of State Governments

The state governments will be primarily responsible for the following activities:

1. The promotion of primary production of all items of agricultural produce (including crops, livestock and fisheries) through.

a. The maintenance of a virile and effective extension of service which can deal with problems of production, preservation, storage, processing and marketing.

b. The promotion of the production of inputs for crops, livestock, fish and forestry using the combined activities of government and private agencies.

2. Ensuring access to land by those who wish to engage in farming.

3. The training of manpower for agricultural development.

4. The control of plant and animal pests and diseases.

5. The establishment of appropriate institutions for administering credit to small scale farmers, pastoralists, fishermen and fish farmers.

6. The maintenance of buffer stocks of agricultural produce for purposes of price stabilization Investments in rural development, including rural roads and water supply so that the standard of living of rural dwellers is improved.

7. Ownership, management and control of forest estates held in trust for the local communities.


Read: Agricultural Development: Definition, Theories and Models

 

The Roles and Responsibilities of Local Governments

The Local Government authorities will be expected to take over progressively the responsibility of the State Government with respect to:

1. The provision of an effective agricultural extension service.

2. The provision of rural infrastructure.

3. The mobilization of farmers for accelerated agricultural and rural development through cooperative organizations and the communities.

4. The provision of land for new entrants into farming in accordance with the provisions of the Land Use Decree.

5. The coordination of data collection at the primary levels.

 


The Roles and Responsibilities of the Private Sector

The philosophy of government is that agriculture is essentially a private-sector activity with the government playing largely support roles and providing facilitating services.

In this regard, the private sector will be expected to spear-head the drive for the realization of the objectives of agricultural policies in Nigeria.

In particular, the private-sector will be expected to play a leading role with respect to:

1. Investment in all aspects of agricultural production.

2. Agricultural produce storage, processing and marketing.

3. Agricultural input supply and distribution.

4. Agricultural mechanization v. provision of certain types of rural infrastructure.

5. Support for research in all aspects of agriculture.

 

Conclusion on Roles and Responsibilities of Policy Stakeholders

 We have explained about the roles and responsibilities of the stakeholders in agricultural policy for Nigeria.

We have learnt about the roles and responsibilities of the three tiers of government and the private sector for agricultural policy for Nigeria, among them are:

The main areas of direct involvement of the Federal Government will be the following among others:

1. The provision of the general policy framework within which agriculture will develop and guidance to state and other public agencies on areas of emphasis for investment, particularly in strategic products; 2. Research into all facets of agriculture, including the provision of breeding stock and foundation seeds of improved varieties, brood stock and improved fast-growing hybrid species as well as fish seed.

3. The control of pests and diseases of national and international significance.

4. The development of water resources, including the construction and maintenance of small, medium and large dams for irrigation aquaculture (fish farming), rural water supplies and other uses and the construction of boreholes; maintaining strategic grains and animal product reserves for purpose of food security.

5. The establishment and maintenance of a national capability for animal and fish diseases control through a virile Federal Veterinary and Public Health Service.

6. The training of manpower for agricultural development.

7. The establishment of an Agricultural Insurance Scheme, etc

 

The state governments will be primarily responsible for the following activities:

1. The promotion of primary production of all items of agricultural produce (including crops, livestock and fisheries) through:

a. The maintenance of a virile and effective extension of service which can deal with problems of production, preservation, storage, processing and marketing.

b. The promotion of the production of inputs for crops, livestock, fish and forestry using the combined activities of government and private agencies

2. Ensuring access to land by those who wish to engage in farming.

3. The training of manpower for agricultural development.

4. The control of plant and animal pests and diseases.

5. The establishment of appropriate institutions for administering credit to small scale farmers, pastoralists, fishermen and fish farmers; etc

 

The Local Government authorities will be expected to take over progressively the responsibility of the State Government with respect to:

1. The provision of an effective agricultural extension service.

2. The provision of rural infrastructure.

3. The mobilization of farmers for accelerated agricultural and rural development through cooperative organizations and the communities.

4. The provision of land for new entrants into farming in accordance with the provisions of the Land Use Decree.

5. The coordination of data collection at the primary levels.

 

The private-sector will be expected to play a leading role with respect to:

1. Investment in all aspects of agricultural production.

2. Agricultural produce storage, processing and marketing.

3. Agricultural input supply and distribution

4. Agricultural mechanization

5. Provision of certain types of rural infrastructure.

6. Support for research in all aspects of agriculture.

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