4 Common Emergency Care Cases and How to Prevent them


4 Common Emergency Care Cases and How to Prevent them

Some emergency injuries cases that could bring challenges to the athlete, coaches and trainer, may include: some miscellaneous injuries mainly from the athlete’s life style e. g, Alcoholic, Hallucination, smoking, over anxiety, suicidal patient and epilepsy drug. The aim is to highlight some common social problems that could involve the first aider.

In  this article, you will be able to list some antisocial problems that may involve the first aiders, state how to prevent the hazards from this antisocial problem, mention the treatment to unconscious victim, define some key terms such as; stupor, coma etc ,  outline how to deal with epilepsy and the symptoms of the hazardous problems named above.


4 Common Emergency Care Cases

1.  Alcoholic Hallucinations

2. Smoking

3. Suicidal Patient

4. Epilepsy


4 Common Emergency Care Cases and How to Prevent them

1.  Alcoholic Hallucinations

This is an acute toxic state of the individual after a prolonged steady drinking Patient shows sign of; ANXIETY; uncontrollable fear, irritability, agitation and insomnia. Talkative and pre-occupied, visual, tactile and auditory hallucinations.


· Place the patient in a well-lighted room to reduce agitation.

· Close bathrooms/closets to avoid shadow

· Keep the environment calm and non-stressful.

· Observe the patient closely-homicidal or suicidal responses are likely

· Stay with patient


2. Smoking

· Smoking is used as a custom or addiction.

· Large number of people smoke for.

· Pleasure

· Relaxation

· Relief from tension

· Sense of false security

Cigarette contains 1.5 % of Nicotine and there are at least sixteen different compounds which can cause cancer. The most common compound is BENZOPYRINE. The filtered cigarette can only remove 30% or a little more of tar by weight. The solid particles are those of carbon with an average diameter of 100 (fl of mm and these particles are arrested by filter.


How to prevent above Hazards

· Do not smoke

· If smoke, then smoke few sticks

· Inhale less frequently and less deeply

· Take fewer puffs from each cigarette

· Smoke cigarettes of low tar and nicotine content

· Do Not Criticize Any Individual Who Smokes Excessively; Rather Encourage Them To Adopt A More Refine Smoking Habit.


3. Suicidal Patient

The individuals with suicidal tendencies may have suffered loss of either loved one; loss of property is feeling and gingering disappointment in status or integrity. Young boys who feel they have tried but failed examinations or in love or unemployed may try to commit suicide. 

Other risks are psychic illness jack of resource or those who have made themselves hopeless (as no one is hopeless).


· Reassurance

· Make them understand the importance of life

· Prevent further injury through reminders of any kind

· Persistent cases should be referred to hospital

4. Epilepsy

This occurs due to brief disruption in the normal electrical activity of the brain. This may vary from loss of attention to muscular spasm and convulsions. It is sudden and unexpected.

· Loss of consciousness

· Aura and cry

· Falls to the ground and becomes rigid

· Breathing may stop

· Congestion of face

· Mouth and lips turn blue (cyanosis)

· Seconds after arched back develops

· Clenched jaw- which makes breathing noisy

· Gradually the clinic phase subsides and muscles relax

· Attacks usually last from 30 seconds to few minutes

· Deep sleep folio with-gradual recovery

· Confusion, fatigue and muscle sore, and headache


1. If observed prevent casualty from falling

2. Clear space around him, maintain airway and loosen tight clothing

3. When convulsion stops, place him on lateral position (recovery position)

4. Allow him to rest

5. Shift casualty to hospital

Forbidden Actions

· Do not move patients unless the position is in danger

· Do not put anything in the mouth of or try to open it

· Do not give anything to drink

Status Epilepticus

This is a condition where the casualty passes from seizure to seizure without gaining consciousness. This is to be considered as an emergency.


· Shift the casualty to the hospital immediately


Conclusion on Common Emergency Care Cases

Having read this course unit and successfully completed the self-assessment test, it is assumed that you have attained understanding of the emergency injuries cases.

you have learnt how to handle challenges from common emergency injuries cases which requires prompt and tactical treatment.

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