Athletic Injuries/Open Wound – Definition, Classification, Examples, Causes, Symptoms and treatment and Prevention


Athletic Injuries/Open Wound – Definition, Classification, Examples, Causes, Symptoms and treatment and Prevention

Different types injuries may occur to an athlete during sports and physical activities. Some may be referred to as mild, some moderate and some moderate and some severe injuries.

Injuries besides their being mild or severe may still be identified by whether seen or not seen, also, there may still be need to know them by causes or where they have happened. That is which part of the body is involved. Some injuries may still also be identified by the extent of damage on the body part. In this module, even the sports where the injuries are prevalence will also be discussed.

In this post, you will be able to Define and correctly explain each of the key terms and name the classes with examples, symptoms and treatment and prevention of open wounds.


Definition and Classification of Injuries

An injury can be define as a break or damage to the body tissues it could further be known and define by causes or symptoms injuries became more dangerous delicate when they become infected with germs. The mechanism and mechanics of the injuries and the symptoms are stated together in the classification examples.

Generally, wounds are classified into

1. Open Wounds injuries

2. Close Wounds injuries


Further Classification

Includes Fingers, toes (of hands and legs) ears and nose etc. These are wounds that are visible, as the injuries allow the damaged tissues to be seen and blood flow or ooze out through the broken damage tissues.


Also Read: Definitions, Types and Importance First Aid

Examples of open of wounds on (and around playgrounds) include:

Athletic Injuries/Open Wound – Definition, Classification, Examples, Causes, Symptoms and treatment and Prevention

(a) Abrasion: These are wounds that are caused by rubbing or scrapping the skin against something, especially playgrounds or objects and surfaces that are somehow rough and/or unmaintained. It is further characterized by the peeling of the skin layers leaving the injured weeping. Sometimes this might be with signs of blood like water from the area.

(b) Incised wound: Caused by sharp objects (in and around playgrounds), like- knife, razor blade, broken glasses, or even grass. It is further characterized by sharp edges and normally will bleed freely as the blood vessels and tissues might have been damaged.

(c) Lacerated wounds: This is commonly caused by blunt edges instruments or objects, with in and around playgrounds. These instruments or objects are with anunevenedges, like, broken glasses or bottle, jiggered instruments etc. the skin or tissue may be partially or completely torn away or apart, depending on how it happened.

(d) Punctured wounds: are wounds caused by a stab from pointed objects or instruments, e.g. spikes, nails, javelin spears, bullets swords etc. It may result to a straight line damaging all the tissues and skin involved. It is further characterized by a narrow entry point which continues to widen underneath. If it is caused by a penetrating object like gunshot, the exit point is always wider and more destructive.

(e) Avulsions wounds: Involves the tearing loose of a flap of skin which may remain hanging or torn off altogether. The most commonly being the amputated of body parts such as: legs, fingers etc.

Also Read: Definitions, Types and Importance First Aid


Treatment and Prevention of Open Injuries

This is simply referring to the way that you think of and act or deal with the sports injuries the way you think out the action you will use to deal with open injuries may lead to the healing of such injuries. And also, the way you think out your action of prevention of open injuries may result to the preventive measure take to obtain injuries for participation in sport.

It must include the following sure ways, if you must get to healing destination:

i. Stop bleeding if bleeding is involved or controls that bleeding, if you must get to healing destination: use direct or indirect way of stopping the it by

(a) Applying pressure

(b) Using the pressure point closer to the injury and between the heart and injury. More methods of controlling bleeding are discussed under HEMORRHAGE.

ii. Prevent infection to the injury by cleaning or/and keep clean, use donut pad, soap and water, remove any implement that might have cause the injury.

iii. If it requires stitching and you can, do it, if you cannot involve the physician, keep the sutured area clean and dry.

iv. Handle injuries gently

v. Use sterile materials. Don’t touch the materials that will be over the injury. Touch only the edges.

vi. Apply dressing (bandages) snugly, not too tight. Keep dressing clean and dry

vii. When dressing is wet or soaks, remove and replace or seek help.


Prevention of Open Wounds

i. Athletes must ensure they wear or put on appropriate dressing to protect the body (skin and underlying tissues).

ii. Ensure the play area is free from dangerous objects, e.g. nails, and stones etc

iii. Inspect all materials or equipment’s in performance, to ensure they are in order.

iv. For contact sports, ensure you apply caution to avoid hard or rough play that can result to cuts or injuries.

v. Shoes should be properly fitting, and be won with lubricants, if too tight

vi. Usage of protective gadgets such as shin guards, shoulder pads, groin cup, chest pad, hand gloves etc should be put on before play.


Read on: Emergency Care (Handling) of Sports Injuries

Conclusion on Athletic Injuries/Open Wound  – Definition, Classification, Examples, Causes, Symptoms and treatment and Prevention

It is assured that the definition classes and further classes of injuries were learned.

In this post, you have learnt how to handle challenges from common emergency injuries cases which requires prompt and tactical treatment.


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