15 Unique Ways of Improving Crop Yield – Facts you Need to Know


15 Unique Ways of Improving Crop Yield – Facts you Need to Know

Throughout the existence of agriculture, one of the main issues of interest to farmers was the issue of increasing crop yield. What are the best ways to increase crop yield per acre? What are the factors that affect crop yield most?
Recently, in view of the constant growth of the world’s population, this issue is becoming more and more relevant.

However, with the emergence of new challenges for agrarians, there are also new ways and technologies appearing that are called to respond to them. This is what this article is about: what growers can do for increasing crop yield on their farmlands and what new technologies can help farmers in this matter.


What Is Crop Yield?

Crop yield is a standard measurement of the amount of agricultural production harvested—yield of a crop—per unit of land area.

Crop yield is the measure most often used for cereal, grain, or legumes; and typically is measured in bushels, tons, or pounds per acre in the U.S.

Sample sizes of a harvested crop are generally measured to determine the estimated crop yield for a larger region.

Crop yield is the measure of seeds or grains which is produced from a given land plot. It is usually expressed in kilograms per hectare or in bushels per acre. Such an indicator as the average crop yield per acre serves as the evaluation of a farmer’s agricultural output on a particular field over a specified time period.

It is considered to be probably the most important measure of each farmer’s performance, as it embodies the result of all the efforts and resources invested by agrarians in the development of plants on their fields.


Important Facts to Know

· Crop yields refer to how much grain or other crops are produced, and by extension how efficient land is used to produce food or agricultural commodities.

· The U.S. Department of Agriculture takes samples and estimates crop yields for nearly two-dozen crops in the United States.

· Crop yields and farm efficiency have increased dramatically over the past decades as technology has advanced in farm automation, crop genetics, fertilizers, and pesticides.

· The U.S. government also monitors crop yields of foreign countries to help track their economic health. Several governments also publish their crop yield reports to the public. 


How Crop Yield Works

To estimate crop yield, producers usually count the amount of a given crop harvested in a sample area. Then the harvested crop is weighed, and the crop yield of the entire field is extrapolated from the sample.

For example, if a wheat producer counted 30 heads per foot squared, and each head contained 24 seeds, assuming a 1,000-kernel weight of 35 grams the crop yield estimate using the standard formula would be 30 x 24 x 35 x 0.04356 = 1,097 kg/acre.

Moreover, since wheat is 27.215 kg/bu, the yield we estimated would be 40 bu/acre (1097/27.215) or 40 bushels per acre.

Crop yield can also refer to the actual seed generation from the plant. For example, a grain of wheat yielding three new grains of wheat would have a crop yield of 1:3. Sometimes crop yield is referred to as "agricultural output."



Get More out of your crops by Learning How to Improve Crop Yields Effectively

Crop yields are an essential aspect of every farmer’s day, impacting how profitable their farmland can be.

Learning how to improve crop yields is key to successful farming, and access to new technologies and planting methods has given farmers an opportunity increase crop production – the key to maintaining the long term sustainability of their farm.

Corn crop yield rates have steadily increased over time, thanks to hardier corn hybrids and smarter planting practices.

Technologies that allow farmers to best understand their soil, what kind of nutrients they may be lacking, and when to plant seeds have positively affected outcomes.

To put it simply, planting has benefitted from the introduction of science and technology in farming.


Why are Crop Yields so important to farming?

The concept of high-performance agriculture is key in understanding the importance of crop yields. How much you can produce within a given amount of land is essentially how efficient you are as a farmer.

In today’s economy, being able to do things efficiently is as important as ever. You want to ensure that you are maximizing your space and the land you have worked to cultivate. Crop yields not only determine your efficiency, but your bottom-line as well.


What is the danger allied with attempting to improve crop yields?

Everything you do on your farm has consequences, and in order to learn how to increase crop production and crop yield, you will have to approach each decision with a concentrated amount of study and analysis. This doesn’t mean that you can’t try something, fail, and learn, but it does mean that attempts to increase efficiency could affect your bottom line.


What are some ways to Improve Agricultural Productivity for your crop yield?

Consider your crops like the ingredients in a recipe; the quality of your soil, your seeds, and your planting practices will determine the overall strength of the final product — the crops you are growing. Your crops benefits from using strong hybrid seed with the strength to sustain conditions and maximize yields. The science behind seeds has greatly improved, but there are still techniques and methods to increase your overall efficiency on the farm.


15 Unique Ways to Increase Crop Yield

For centuries, farmers have pondered over and worked on the issue of increasing crop yields. Some of the solutions found were efficient and some were not.

Today, in addition to the valuable experience of previous generations of farmers, the agriculture industry can also benefit from the achievements of modern science and technology.

Below are the unique ways for the farmers to increase crop yields and see how previous experience and advanced technology can be effectively combined to improve agrarians’ performance.


1. Seeds Quality 

Agricultural productivity depends on the quality of seeds with which farmers sow their fields. Therefore, in order to increase crop yield on their farmlands, agrarians are recommended to sow only certified seeds that have passed all the necessary quality controls. Certified seeds may cost higher than those that do not have certification, but the result will be worth it, because the proper quality of seeds is one of the main factors that affect crop yield.

15 Unique Ways of Improving Crop Yield – Facts you Need to Know

Besides that, planting only high-quality seeds represents one of the ecofriendly methods to increase crop yield. If needed, a farmer can check the quality of particular seeds by referring to a relevant seed company and requesting it to conduct special trials on a given land plot.

Apart from this, is it important to remember that the quality of seeds is not something that is permanent and undamageable. Seed grains need protection from the moment they are planted in the ground.

Seed coating is one of the seed treatment techniques used to accomplish this. It is the process of protecting seed grains with outer materials in order to improve their characteristics (weight, size) and/or provide them with some active compounds (micronutrients, microbial inoculants, growth regulators, etc.) called to protect them against plant diseases and boost their growth.


2. Monitoring Crops Growth

From the early stage of development through budding and up to harvesting, it is very important to monitor plant health in order to timely detect any problem that can arise on a given farmland (be it related to pest infestations, plant diseases, weeds, etc.) and that can affect the crop yield.

Regular, for instance, allows farmers to. The evolution of plant health status provides key information to decide on possible interventions to the needs of crops.

Even though satellites do not measure the stages of plant growth directly, but with spectral indices.

EOSDA Crop Monitoring also provides data on daily temperatures, analyze their dynamics in time, and calculate their total sum. Based on this data, software is capable of detecting growth stages for various types of plants and represents their correlations with other data so that the farmers could make well-weighted decisions.

15 Unique Ways of Improving Crop Yield – Facts you Need to Know

Apart from this, EOSDA Crop Monitoring provides agrarians with valuable data about different vegetation indices, such as:

MSAVI– Modified Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index (it is best to be used at the early stages of crop growth)

NDRE – Normalized Difference Red Edge Index (recommended to be used together with the NDVI index)

NDVI – Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (recommended during the active stages of crop growth)

ReCl – Red Edge Chlorophyll (most relevant during early and active growth stages of crop growth).

Read: Top Solutions to the Problems of Agriculture

3. Field Productivity

Zoning Before sowing, it is important for a farmer to understand productivity of the field that is to be sowed and, if applicable, define specific areas where plants grow better. This process is called productivity zoning.

In this way, a grower can plant seeds more densely in the areas with greater productivity, potentially getting increased crop yield, and do not waste them much in the zones with low productivity.

Also, such zoning allows farmers to properly treat the field areas with lower productivity and take all necessary actions to increase soil fertility and its overall important characteristics to grow a particular plant.

Today’s technologies allow farmers to carry out such productivity zoning of their fields faster and more efficiently than before.

15 Unique Ways of Improving Crop Yield – Facts you Need to Know

For this purpose many agrarians use the EOSDA Crop Monitoring software. With its high-precision technology and satellite-driven data, the growers can generate field productivity maps based on the historical data and, thus, clearly identify the areas with the highest and the lowest productivity on a given farmland.


4. Steady Scouting

Scouting is one of the important parts of agribusiness management aimed to ensure proper development of plants and increase crop yields. Often, when a grower has large fields, it is difficult and non-effective to scout acre by acre, as it is time-consuming and resource-intensive.

EOSDA Crop Monitoring takes advantage here and offers convenient scouting task management. Crop Scouting solution is intended to save time and replace a tedious work of human experts on fields All that is needed to do is to long for human experts on fields.

All that is needed to do is to log into your Crop Scouting app, check for any problem areas on your land plot detected by a satellite, tag these areas on the map, and organize closer scouting of these specific zones.

15 Unique Ways of Improving Crop Yield – Facts you Need to Know

The scouts then proceed to problem investigation on the spot, make pictures, upload them in the application, and enter necessary data in the relevant section. This way, a farmer can create multiple scouting tasks simultaneously, easily managing them and monitoring their completion.

Such time effective and highly accurate field scouting solution assists agrarians in their daily work and can help increase their yields.


5. Forecasting Crop Yield

Crop yield prediction is very important for global production of food. Governments all over the world use analytical data concerning crop yields forecasting to take grounded decisions as to their national import/export operations.

Companies specialized in seed breeding need to foresee how new hybrids will perform in different climate and soil conditions to plan on further improvement of new variations of seeds. Farmers, in their turn, take advantage of crop yield prediction to make well-weighted agribusiness decisions.

One of the latest trends in industrial agriculture is predicting crop yield with remote sensing satellite data, which has already been proved efficient in different corners of the globe.

It is important to note, however, that the accuracy in crop yield estimation using remote sensing depends on multiple factors, such as climate conditions (weather extremes), soil health, pest infestations, etc.

Besides that, an important decision-making role in agricultural risk management and crop yield prediction is played by reliable historic records on yields in a given field. At present time, various machine learning techniques for prediction of crop yield are used all over the world. Crop yield prediction software requires big amounts of input data, yet may sometimes be not fully accurate due to possible fluctuations in weather conditions, for example.


6. Smart Combination Of Agricultural

Efforts Taking into account all the above, it could be said that there is no single and universal method of increasing an average crop yield per acre on a farmer’s land plot. In most cases, it is a smart combination of different agricultural efforts that can vary depending on unique characteristics of a grower’s field. It is yet worth noting that the EOSDA Crop Monitoring software can be of considerable help for farmers with most of such agricultural efforts, assisting them whether directly or indirectly through accurate monitoring of separate agricultural activities and substantial facilitation of their implementation.


7. Precise Weather Prediction

The average crop yield per acre on a given field is very much conditioned by weather factors. With the same quality of soil and the same species of seeds planted, the climate conditions have a predominant influence on the development of plants and, consequently, on yields. It is especially true when considering how climate change affects agriculture in separate regions and on Earth in general.

15 Unique Ways of Improving Crop Yield – Facts you Need to Know

To work efficiently and cooperatively with such an important but uncontrollable factor as weather, farmers have an opportunity to refer to the newest technological solutions that help them obtain accurate weather prediction.

For example, the use of EOSDA Crop Monitoring software in precision weather forecasts can help growers decide what ag practices they can perform.

Given all this, it is worth noting that accurate weather forecasting in precision farming can greatly contribute to increasing crop yields on a particular farmland.

EOSDA Crop Monitoring provides farmers with weather analytics that include current and historical weather data, as well as forecasts up to two weeks ahead.

Also, this software allows agrarians to detect the extreme weather states that can affect crop yields:

a) Cold stress

b) Heat stress


8. Smart Application Of Fertilizers

Although fertilizers are intended to nourish the various types of soil, boost plant growth, and increase yields, their use should be balanced and prudent. Using too much fertilizers can negatively affect the soil quality and, therefore, the agricultural productivity.

Within one field, different areas may have different needs for soil fertilization, which is why the best solution here is to use fertilizers selectively, depending on the need for them in different field zones. This accurate approach to field fertilization helps keep the soil in good health, which helps increase the average crop yield per acre.

15 Unique Ways of Improving Crop Yield – Facts you Need to Know

One of the technological solutions in this context is EOSDA Crop Monitoring software. Based on satellite imagery, it has a field zoning feature which divides a farmland on 2-7 zones, identifying the areas that require more care than others. Such precision technology is often used by growers as one of the ecofriendly methods to increase crop yield.


9. Good Irrigation

Farmers who aim to increase an average crop yield per acre on their fields must have a streamlined irrigation system at hand. Providing the plants with the appropriate amount of water directly affects the development of plants and, consequently, the crop yields. 

15 Unique Ways of Improving Crop Yield – Facts you Need to Know

Effective irrigation of farmlands is closely linked to weather forecasts. Today’s technologies – special applications and software for farmers – provide access to hyper-local weather forecasting. It opens the door for precision irrigation and allows agrarians to plan in advance and organize irrigation of their fields in the most accurate and efficient manner.

10.  Plant Disease Prevention And Management

Another important threat to a grower’s agricultural output is represented by plant diseases. Depending on the type of plants to be grown on a field, farmers can use various plant disease prevention and management methods, like selecting disease resistant or disease tolerant varieties, treating seeds with fungicides, and applying pesticides, and other similar substances on developing plants. 

15 Unique Ways of Improving Crop Yield – Facts you Need to Know

Agrarians should pay special attention to using these or other methods in time so that they have a maximum effect possible. It is very important to remember that protecting plants in a timely manner is crucial for crop yield per acre indicator – the sooner a problem is identified, the faster and easier it will be solved and the fewer field acres will be affected.


11. Crop Protection Methods

Agrarians aiming to increase crop yields must take care of impact of weeds, pests or diseases on crop yield. Such substances are usually herbicides, insecticides, desiccants, plant growth regulators, fungicides, adjuvants, etc.

15 Unique Ways of Improving Crop Yield – Facts you Need to Know

In general, there are various crop protection methods. Among the main ones are weed/pest management and plant disease management.


12. Weed And Pest Control

Weed control and pest management are the biggest challenges for farmers during the growing season. A single weed, for example, can generate over 10 million weed seeds, and if they are not managed in time, it can substantially decrease the yields on a given field and create problems for years to come. Pest infestations also require a comprehensive management approach from agrarians. As pests are highly adaptable and fast-reproducing organisms that can threaten the yield on a particular farmland, farmers must always be ready to respond to the pest infestation issue in a timely manner.


13. Soil Testing & Its Quality

The quality of soil, i.e. its fertility, is one of the main factors that affect crop yields. Apart from agricultural productivity, the soil quality also influences the cost for a farmer to grow one or another plant, as some of them require certain ratios of specific elements in the soil, like mineral particles, organic matter, water, air, etc.

15 Unique Ways of Improving Crop Yield – Facts you Need to Know

To attain increased crop yields, on a given field plot prevents soil exhaustion and breaks pest cycles, which will result in better agricultural output and, therefore, will increase the average crop yield per acre.


Read On: Definition, Scope, Nature of Agricultural Economics

14. Practice Seasonal Soil Rotation

When you are planting season-by-season, it is important to understand how planting recurring crops can affect your overall yield. Planting corn in consecutive years has been proven to be less effective for optimal yields. This means that corn-on-corn planting should only be considered when your soil conditions are strong enough, or your land mass is limited. 

15 Unique Ways of Improving Crop Yield – Facts you Need to Know

If you don’t have access to either, you may need to consider planting alternative crops in alternating years — such as soybeans. Planting an alternating crop helps to diversify the demands on your soil. This results in crops that not only yield more, but continually produce year in and year out.


15. Know the Yield Potential

It is not just enough to plan your seeds and hope for the best, you should always be sure to understand your field’s growth potential. Understanding the kind of crops you’re planting, and the kinds of seeds you are using, is important when assessing yield potential. 

15 Unique Ways of Improving Crop Yield – Facts you Need to Know

Crop producers typically have an estimated idea of the yield potential of their seeds. Understanding this will help manage not only your expectations, but whether or not your yield potential is matching your actual production.

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