15 Major Types of Psychology (Explained)

 

15 Major Types of Psychology (Explained)


Studying psychology can be both personally and professionally rewarding. Confidence in this area provides different opportunities to learn about people and how they interact with others at work, in relationships, and when dealing with health, money, and other things. Although deciding to pursue a major in psychology can be a big decision, it can also be difficult with so many types of psychology to choose from.

Let's look at 15 major types of psychology.

1. Bad Psychology

Clinical psychologists focus on the origins and development of mental illness and examine abnormal behaviors, emotions, and thoughts. They are involved in research, diagnosis and clinical treatment of mental disorders. "When most people think about bad behavior, they think in terms of extreme, unusual and shocking examples," Dr. Nanette Mongelluzzo, assistant professor of social studies.

But, he added, "unfair means" far from normal". Culture, belief system, family or origin, religion and other social values ​​influence the definition of normal and abnormal. 

Negative psychology is a specialty within the field of psychology; it is based on the study of normal psychology, normal change, social relations, group relations, expected work, personal competence, etc. Most psychologists and mental health professionals would agree that psychology studies are flawed and treat differences from the norm.

Pursuing a master's degree in psychology can help you succeed in many career opportunities.

Mongelluzzo said that with an advanced degree, career options include:

·  Social worker

·  Clinical or research psychologist

·  Criminal profile

·  A licensed professional advisor

·  Marriage and family therapist

·  Developmental/school psychologist

·  Forensic psychologist

Psychologists also work or serve as consultants in many areas of government, the prison system, the military, educational institutions, and other professional organizations that work for organizations such as sports, media and human rights organizations.

2. Biopsychology

This center focuses on the relationship between biology and behavior, and in particular the role of the brain and neurotransmitters in controlling and controlling behavior. Psychologists want to know how lifestyle changes lead to behavioral changes.

Although many biopsychologists work in academic and private research institutes, assistant professor of social sciences Dr. Shaun Cook said that understanding how the brain works can lead to work in marketing, education, the technology industry or even politics. 

He added that biopsychologists develop and test new drugs for the pharmaceutical industry, helping to treat people with damaged nervous systems in hospitals and clinics, making life better for people living in nursing homes and nursing homes. Animal behavior from a physiological point of view.

Psychologists also deal brain damage that changes behavior, chemical responses in the brain, and genetics associated with the brain, according to the American Psychological Association (APA). 

Biopsychology is also sometimes referred to as physiological psychology or psychobiology, according to the APA.

3. Social skills

Psychologists study what people think and feel and how behavior affects others. They examine belonging, prejudice and discrimination, attitudes and beliefs, social influence and self-esteem, and other aspects. According to the APA, how you perceive yourself in relation to the world is what affects things like behavior and beliefs. 

Another thing that affects behavior and how people perceive themselves is the opinion of others. Psychologists are interested in human relationships and use psychology to improve them.

Because the psychologist's background combines human behavior with scientific research methods, job opportunities in different work settings. Many psychologists work in academic settings where they can teach, conduct research and run labs, according to the APA. 

Other jobs include working for government agencies, non-profit organizations, hospitals, social services, and private companies. The options for a psychologist are so varied that careers can include research, marketing, politics, and even technology creation.

4. Cognitive psychology

Cognitive psychology examines thought processes related to thinking, memory and language, and conducts research on these processes by observing behavior, according to the APA. Current research focuses on information processing concepts developed in computer science and intelligence, reports APA.

Most psychologists, who work in the brain and the sciences work in academic settings where they teach, conduct research, or both, according to the APA. Their expertise is valuable in growing fields such as human-computer interaction, software development, and organizational psychology and as consultants in the private sector.

Many psychologists work directly with clients and patients in a wide variety of private practice and clinical settings; others hold positions in government, private research and medical institutions and even as expert witnesses in court cases. 

The demand for neurologists and psychologists has changed over the years, but, according to the APA, the subfield is on the rise. With ever-changing technology and treatments for medical conditions like Alzheimer's disease intractable, the demand for brain science and cognitive specialists is expected to increase.



5. Developmental psychology

Developmental psychology involves research and application of scientific knowledge in areas such as education, child care and politics, as Dr. Jay Greiner, assistant professor of social sciences. "Developmental psychologists deal on how persons grow and change (both physically and mentally) from conception to death, conducting research to understand and help people achieve resilience."

In addition, Greiner said, "Developmental psychologists work with people of all ages to understand and support their growth, including gerontology and working with the aging child population. 

In their work with young children, they identify developmental delays and severe health problems and participate in interventions to help children return to a path of normal development."

Developmental psychologists can work as counselors, child care workers and managers, child and adolescent therapists, and teachers, Greiner added. Development psychologists play a very significant role in the design, research and implementation of cultural approaches to human life in many areas. Focusing on cognitive, physical, social, and behavioral issues, developmental psychologists often work in education, health care, or education.

According to the APA, developmental psychologists study human development throughout the lifespan, including physical, cognitive, social, intellectual, cognitive, behavioral, and emotional growth. Developmental psychologists can work in other settings such as health care centers or clinics to help diagnose and treat people with developmental disabilities.

Other settings where developmental psychologists can work include assisted living facilities, hospitals, mental health clinics, and homeless shelters.

6. Human psychology

It is the study of human nature and how it differs from individual to individual. Psychologists draw on research and theories related to human behavior, evolution, biology, humanism, behavior and social learning to determine what makes people unique. 

Understanding how people develop, and the similarities and differences between individuals, is key. Psychologists diagnose, diagnose and treat disorders that affect a person's quality of life negatively. "I focus on personality traits related to work and academic achievement," said Jeral Kirwan, associate professor of social sciences. 

My recent research has focused on the attitudes and behaviors of online learners and teachers and how these factors affect communication, performance, and satisfaction. Psychologists can specialize in different areas such as conflict resolution, leadership development, research, human services, marketing, teaching, public policy research, and other areas. 

8. Industrial Science-Organization

According to the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, this branch of psychology is the scientific study of work and is very important to individuals, businesses and society. 

Organizational and organizational science involves research into the problems facing individuals, groups, and organizations, and examines employee well-being and behavior, employee relations, and staff, and overall service quality.

Many experts in organizational psychology and organizational design teach in academia and/or conduct research. Employees with a psychology degree or a science degree in the manufacturing and organization industry can work as:

·  Service or administrative manager

·  Professionalism and employee performance

·  Human Resources Generalist or Manager

·  Mergers and acquisition specialist/consultant

·  Responsible for organizational performance

·  Talent acquisition manager

·  Professional training

According to the APA, industrial psychologists are experts in the design, execution, and interpretation of psychological research. Organizational psychology of the company uses its findings to solve human and organizational problems in organized work situations.

Industrial psychologists:

·  Identify training / development needs

·  Improves performance and quality of life at work

·  Evaluate the effectiveness of the training program designed

·  Management staff

·  Develop a system to evaluate the performance of individuals and teams

·  Monitor customer preferences, customer satisfaction and marketing strategies

15 Major Types of Psychology (Explained)


9. Educational Psychology

Educational science focuses on learning processes, including learning disabilities. Those who work in educational psychology can provide instructional strategies to certain groups of students, such as those with learning disabilities and those who demonstrate exceptional learning. School psychologists study how information and social interactions can affect learning.

10. Environmental Psychology

Environmental psychology is the study of the relationship between the environment and the people who live and interact with them. Environmental psychologists also want to understand how people's behavior affects their environment. In this case, the environment can be natural or structural. Many environmental psychologists can interact with government agencies to help develop policies related to the environment.

11. Evolutionary psychology

Evolutionary psychology is the study of the relationship between human behavior and evolution and how humans have changed their psychology to accommodate evolutionary processes. An evolutionary psychologist can look at the evolution of humans and what has allowed us to survive for thousands of years.

12. Forensic Psychology

A psychologist's efforts in depth with law enforcement and other agencies can be part of the criminal justice system. This area includes gaining a better understanding of criminals and their behavior, working with children who serve as witnesses in crime scenes or trials, analyzing crime scenes to find out how a criminal can be and - move around there. A psychologist can also provide therapy for victims of trauma.

13. Health Psychology

Health psychology is the study of mental and physical health and how the two interact based on many factors, such as behavior, biology, and social groups. Health psychologists can examine how these factors can be used to improve a person's overall health and well-being or a specific illness he or she may be facing. 

Those who work in health psychology teach their patients what they can do to stay healthy. They provide treatment and teach others how to deal with certain situations.

 14.  Industrial and Organizational Psychology

Organizational and organizational psychology takes place in the workplace. It is the study of how employees feel or is motivated at work, how employers can improve their team's productivity, how companies can retain people work that increases their job satisfaction. Many companies hire industrial and organizational psychologists to develop tests that serve as diagnostic tools for certain positions within the company.

15. The Art of Army

The military employees who work war and military workers to provide employment as treatment for mental illness. They may also force soldiers and lives of common people and gave the military commanded to control anxiety. Many scholars who are helpful of the development plan and assistance to understand how they can encourage the army and have to face an end to people.

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