Cyber ​​Crime: Definitions, Types, Examples, and Prevention


Cyber ​​Crime: Definitions, Types, Examples, and Prevention

Cyber ​​security is an important part of computer systems, but its importance has increased significantly in recent years. This program covers areas where cyber security is a key issue, but with different security elements that can be exposed to different threats and attacks. It also covers the methods and techniques used to secure computer systems and data to meet and protect these requirements.

Areas of focus include computer operating systems (and increasingly, distributed operating systems), distributed applications (such as e-commerce and the Internet), embedded systems (from smart cards to large industrial and communications systems) and job. The systems and processes reviewed include cryptography, authentication and authorization, and access control.

In addition, the program combines legal, ethical and professional concepts, for example, to address concerns about data protection, privacy and the social impact of IT systems.

Cybercrime, also known as computer crime, is the use of computers for illegal purposes, such as fraud, child pornography and intelligence trafficking, identity theft or breach of privacy. Cybercrime, especially through the Internet, has grown significantly as computers have become central to business, entertainment and government.

Due to the early and widespread use of computers and the Internet in the United States, most of the early victims of cybercrime are Americans. However, in the 21st century, there is almost no village of one type or another crime that is not affected by the Internet.

In this article, you will learn about cybercrime: definitions, examples, types and prevention.


What is Cybercrime?

Cybercrime is a criminal activity that targets or uses computers, computer networks or network devices. Most cyber-crimes are committed by cyber criminals or hackers who want to make money. However, cybercrime sometimes seeks to destroy computers or networks for reasons other than profit.

These can be political or personal. Cybercrime can be perform person or group peoples. Some cyber criminals are organized, use advanced techniques, and are highly skilled. Others are novice hackers.

Cybercrime is any crime committed online or initiated online. Cyber ​​criminals often commit crimes by securing computer networks or devices. 

Cybercrime can range from security breaches to other cyber crimes include things like "revenge pornography", cyber bullying, stalking, and child abuse. Terrorists collaborate on the Internet, transmitting terrorist activities and crimes in cyberspace.


Definition of Cyber Crime

New technology creates new crime opportunities but few new types of crime. What is the difference between cybercrime and traditional crime? Obviously, one difference is the use of digital computers, but technology alone is not enough to account for any differences that may exist between different areas of crime. Criminals don't need computers to commit fraud, transmit child pornography and intellectual property, steal identities, or violate people's privacy.

All of these activities existed before the prefix "cyber" became ubiquitous. Cybercrime, especially related to the Internet, represents an extension of criminal behavior in the area of ​​certain illegal activities.

Most cyber crimes are attacks against information about individuals, companies or governments. Although these attacks do not take place physically, they take place on the personal or corporate body, which is the identity of information that identifies people and companies on the Internet.

In other words, in the digital age, our virtual identity is an important part of everyday life: we are a collection of numbers and identities in many computer databases owned by governments and companies.

Cybercrime defines the core between networked computers and our lives, and the vulnerability of the truth is as strong as individual identity.

The United States Department of Justice (DOJ) divides cybercrime into three categories:

1. The crime of the computing device is the purpose for example, to access the network.

2. Crimes in which computers are used as weapons -for example, launching a denial of service (DoS) attack.

3. The crime of using a computer as a criminal tool - for example, using a computer to store data obtained illegally.

The Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime, to which the United States is a signatory, defines cybercrime as a range of crimes, including unauthorized access to data, system interference that compromises the integrity and availability network and copyright infringement.

The need for Internet connectivity has led to an increase in the volume and speed of cybercrime activity, because the criminal no longer needs to be physically present when committing a crime.

The speed, convenience, anonymity, and limitlessness of the Internet make it easy to commit various types of computer crimes, such as ransomware, fraud, and money laundering, as well as crimes such as extortion and bullying.

Individuals or groups with limited technical skills, or highly organized global criminal groups may include skilled developers and others with relevant skills. To reduce the chances of detection and prosecution, cybercriminals often choose to work in countries with weak or non-existent cybercrime laws.

Types of Cyber Crime

Here are 5 of the cybercrimes that will most affect businesses and individuals:

1. Fraud

2. Spoofing websites

3. Ransomware

4. Malware

5. IOT hack

Follow along below to understand what hackers use to steal data, their tools, and how to protect yourself. In the end, the goal is to be comfortable rather than sorry, even if that means taking a minute or two to get another safety measure.



The majority of successful cyber-attacks - 91% according to PhishMe research - begin when curiosity, fear or a sense of urgency prompts someone to enter personal data or click on a link. Phishing communications mimic messages from someone you know or a company you trust. They are designed to trick people into giving personal information or clicking on malicious links that download malware. Many of phishing bouts are hurled every day.

What you can do: Stop trusting your email. They are not always what they seem. Making Security consciousness and phishing drill can assistance your squad defends against phishing attacks. Training can show the telltale signs and learn to recognize targeted phishing campaigns, as well as malicious links, and encourage users to avoid links and attachments. The easiest way is to enter the website by clicking the correct URL in their browser.



The word spoof means trick, trick or trick. Website phishing occurs when a website is made to look like something that tricks you into thinking it's a legitimate site. This is done to gain your trust, gain access to your system, steal data, steal money or spread malware.

Website spoofing works by impersonating a legitimate website with a large company logo, logo, user interface and even domain name to trick users into entering their username and password. This is how bad guys get hold of your data or install malware on your computer. Websites are often used with email links that link to illegal websites. It is identity theft and phishing cost businesses $354 million.

What you can do: The easiest thing you can do is to ignore and delete anything you don't plan on. The right companies will have many ways to contact you if they want to reach you. Save time and frustration by applying common sense to a "quick" analysis of the information. Also, pick up the phone or go directly to the trust department to ask.



Ransomware is a modern, crime-fighting technology that has been around for years: extortion. At its core, ransomware works when criminals steal something valuable and demand payment in exchange for its return. For many companies, this means hiding corporate data.

When ransomware fails, business comes to a halt and employees can't do their jobs. Without backup data to restore, transactions are often at the mercy of an attacker who will hold your data in exchange for a decryption key that you can buy with Bitcoin.

Ransomware has grown into its own class of malware and should be a top concern for all organizations. Ransomware damage has increased by 13%, over the past five years combined, according to a new study.

What you can do: Back up your data and start over, in a different location. Repetition and redundancy are key to your success. If you only back up your system once a week, or if your backups are delivered, you're going to have a big problem.



Norton defines malware as "malicious software" designed specifically to access or damage a computer. In the case of ransomware, it is designed to capture your data, but it is not the only type. The goals of malware can be many - power, influence, money, information - but the result is always the same - recovery efforts are long and often expensive.

Common types of malware include:

• Viruses spread, corrupt performance and corrupt files

• Trojans masquerade as legitimate software that create small backdoors to allow other malware to enter your network

• Worms can infect all devices connected to the network

• Ransomware captures your data

• botnets - networks of virus devices working together under the control of an attacker

What you can do: Be careful about e-mail attachments, avoid suspicious websites (check the spelling carefully), install and update a high-quality anti-virus program regularly.



The Internet of Things is a brave new world that has opened up knowledge about our daily routines and web-based business processes. Whether we like it or not, all these things connected to the Internet are collecting and exchanging data. As you know, data is valuable and because of this, hackers will want to use any device to collect it.

The more we connect the "thing", the more the reward becomes for the hackers. That's why it's important to remember that all personal and work passwords are personal... and memories that we know will fail us from time to time.

What you can do: Use strong passwords generator to create unique passwords. Remember that when working in business, everyone must take personal responsibility for ensuring your online safety. You need to prioritize your risks and think about the scenarios that may affect you, based on what you know about your unique resources and team. Don't wait until it's too late to take quick action. Stay focused on the future and work to improve your team to create a strong defense against cyber-attacks.


A common example of cyber crime

Some of the most common cybercrime attacks include distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks, which are often used to bring down systems and networks. This type of attack uses the network's communication system against it by overriding its ability to respond to connection requests.

DDoS attacks are sometimes carried out purely for malicious purposes or as part of a cyber extortion scheme, but they can also be used to distract target groups from other concurrent attacks or exploits. Infecting systems and networks with malware is an example of an attack that is used to damage systems or harm users.

It can be done by damaging the system, software or data stored in the system. Ransomware attacks are similar, but the malware works by encrypting or shutting down victim systems until a ransom is paid. Phishing campaigns are used to infiltrate corporate networks. 

This can be done by sending fraudulent emails to the group's users, tricking them into downloading attachments or clicking on links that spread viruses or malware on their systems and through their systems and business networks.

A credential attack occurs when a cybercriminal attempts to steal or guess the user ID and password of the victim's system or personal account. They can be done using brute force attacks by installing keylogger software or by using vulnerabilities in software or hardware that can expose the user's credentials.

Cyber ​​criminals may also attempt to hijack websites to edit or delete content or to access or modify databases without permission.

For example, an attacker can use a structured query language (SQL) exploit to inject malicious code into a website, which can be used to exploit vulnerabilities in the website's database, allowing the attacker to access and destroy records or gain unauthorized access. 

Subtle information and statistics, such as client passwords, credit card numbers, personally identifiable information, trade secrets and intellectual property. Other common examples of cybercrime include illegal gambling, the sale of illegal goods, such as weapons, drugs or counterfeit goods ¬ and the solicitation, production, possession or distribution child pornography.


How to Protect Against Cyber Crime

Cyber ​​Crime: Definitions, Types, Examples, and Prevention

Everyone who uses the Internet should be very careful. 

Here are 11 tips you can use to protect yourself from many online crimes.

1. Use Adequate Internet Security

It is worth considering reliable security software such as Norton 360 and Life Lock Select, which provide all-in-one protection for your device, privacy and online identity, and help protect your private and financial information when you entered.

2. Use strong Passwords

Do not reuse your password on different sites and change it regularly. Make them more complicated. That is to say you can use combination of at least 10 letters, numbers and symbols. Password management tools can help you keep track of your passwords.

3. Keep your Software Up to Date

This is especially important with your operating system and Internet security software. Cybercriminals often use vulnerabilities or vulnerabilities in your software to gain access to your system. Addressing these exploits and mistakes can reduce the risk of being a target of cybercrime.

4. Manage your Social Media settiNgs

Keep information about you private. Social criminals can access your personal information using only a few data points, the more you share publicly, the better. For example, if you post your pet's name or reveal your mother's maiden name, you can reveal the answers to two frequently asked security questions.

5. Power up your Home Network

It's best to start with a strong password and virtual private network. A VPN will encrypt all traffic leaving your device until it reaches its destination. If cybercriminals manage to hack into your communication lines, they will only intercept encrypted data. It's a good idea to use a VPN whenever you use public Wi-Fi, whether it's in a library, coffee shop, restaurant, or airport.

6. Give Adequate Information and Advice to your Wards about the Internet

You can teach your children about acceptable Internet use without cutting off the news channel. Be sure that they understand when they come to you if they are existence harassed, harassed or bullied online.

7. Link to Major Security Vulnerabilities

If you're dealing with a customer or have an account on a website that was compromised by a security breach, find out what information the hackers got and change your password immediately.

8. Take Steps to Protect Yourself from Identity Theft

Identity theft occurs when someone wrongfully obtains your personal data in a way that involves deception or fraud, usually for profit. What? You may be tricked into providing personal information over the Internet, for example, or a thief may steal your information to gain access to your account information. This is why it is important to protect your personal data. A VPN – short for virtual private network – can also help protect the data you send and receive online, especially when accessing the internet via public Wi-Fi.

9. Beware that Identity Theft can Happen Anywhere

It's good to know how to protect your identity even when you travel. There are many things you can do to prevent criminals from getting your private information on the road. These include keeping your travel plans on social media and using a VPN when accessing the internet through your hotel's Wi-Fi network.

10. Look after the Children

Just as you want to talk to your children about the Internet, you also want to protect them from identity theft. Individuality steals often target kids because their social safety number and credit past represent a clean slate. You can help protect yourself from identity theft by being careful when sharing your child's personal information. It's also good to know what to look for that could mean your child's identity has been compromised.

11. Know what to do if you are a Victim

If you believe you have been the victim of a cybercrime, you should notify local law enforcement and, in some cases, the FBI and the Federal Trade Commission. Your report may assist the authorities in their investigation or may help prevent criminals from exploiting others in the future. If you think your identity has been stolen by cyber criminals. They are most guides you should be awake.  

• Contact companies and banks that you know have been scammed.

• Keep a fraud alert and get your credit report.

• Report identity theft to the FTC.

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