The Search of National Security

 

The Search of National Security


This article introduces us to the issue of national security and its importance for national survival. National security is very important even for countries that have declared neutrality in international politics such as Switzerland, Sweden and Japan. A certain level of protection is still necessary for the safety and well-being of their citizens and their country.

In this article, we will also discuss the issue of foreign aid and the establishment of the Alliance in the international system.

In this article, you will be able to:

• Explain the meaning of national security

• Identify the necessary measures to ensure community safety

• Discuss the dichotomy between national security and civil rights

• Discuss foreign aid and international relations

• Discuss making alliances as part of national security. Concept of national security

National security includes measures taken by the state to ensure its survival and security. National security includes the prevention of attacks, from within and without, and the protection and well-being of citizens.


Measures taken to ensure national security include:


The Search of National Security


• Management of the military

• Civil Defense and Emergency Preparedness Procedures

• Efforts to build stability in the country's infrastructure

• Facilitating intelligence operations to identify threats

• Protection of classified information.

For example, national security became a popular topic in the United States after the terrorist attacks of 9/11 led many people to believe that the United States has no national security threats.

In many countries around the world, including the United States, terrorism is becoming a major focus of national security policies.

As the world's interest in national security increases, the long-forgotten conflict between national security and civil rights has once again emerged as a major topic of discussion.

The controversial US Patriot Act has brought this issue to the attention of the average citizen. The debate revolves around the question “is it right to restrict the freedom of the people in the name of national security?

 


Foreign Aid

Foreign aid, international aid or development aid is when a country helps another country in the form of a grant or aid. This is usually to help communities with special needs caused by poverty, underdevelopment, natural disasters, armed conflict, etc.

The recipients of foreign aid are developing countries (third countries) and the donors are developed countries. Foreign aid comes with two important characteristics - the first is that the recipient country receives aid from willing partners who will help improve its economy in the short to medium term; the second is that this aid comes in a political and economic situation that is not in the best interests of the beneficiaries.

In the case of bilateral aid, this is accompanied by economic and political conditions. This situation may include the practice of western-style democracy, embracing the market economy and the co-operative aspects of the exclusion and liberalization of its economy. These requests can come from developed countries or from organizations such as the UN, IMF and World Bank.

What is important is that countries that receive foreign aid should consider Ab initio what such aid means for their country.

 

Types of Foreign Aid

One major form of foreign aid, development aid, is aid given by developed countries to support the economic development of developing countries.

The Search of National Security


Humanitarian aid, on the other hand, is short-term foreign aid that is used to alleviate the suffering of people-caused problems such as genocide, famine or natural disasters.

Finally, military aid is used to assist allies in their security efforts, or to help a poor country maintain control over its territory.

Other types of foreign aid also exist, although most can be considered to fall into one of the three categories listed above.

 Latin American countries, as well as countries in other parts of the world, are receiving a lot of aid to help them fight drug trafficking and drug culture.

Many countries receive military aid to aid in counterterrorism efforts or to help them fight terrorism. Much of the aid given to Africa is used to fight diseases such as AIDS and malaria.

Our World Health Organization helps countries control epidemics such as avian flu and (in the past) SARS. Other areas of aid to poor countries include landmines, anti-corruption, democratization, trade liberalization, demobilization, and peace building. Foreign aid was criticized.

The von Mises Institute has argued that it may be a way to pay multinational companies more than the citizens of the countries it is supposed to help.

Corruption in many third world countries leads to diverting some aid money to private bank accounts. Also, it can be a corruption process at home. Money, once in the hands of corrupt dictators and released into the strong press of many Western countries, can be brought back to corrupt politicians in many ways. And as philanthropic as it is, it's also a little political to scrutinize such a business.

Development aid (also development aid, international aid, foreign aid, or foreign aid) is aid provided by developed countries to support the economic development of developing countries.

It differs from humanitarian aid because it is aimed at alleviating long-term poverty, rather than alleviating short-term suffering (foreign aid, on the other hand, includes both development and humanitarian aid.

Some governments include military aid in the concept of "foreign aid", which many NGOs do not accept).

Historically, the term used for technical assistance was technical assistance. The countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), which consists of the developed countries of the world, are committed to providing some level of development assistance to developing countries. This is called Official Development Assistance (ODA) and is given by governments in some form of agreement, usually in the form of soft grants.

It is provided by the government through each country's international aid agency (secondary aid), various organizations such as the World Bank or development charities such as Oxfam.

 


Background

The contribution of development aid must be understood in the context of the Cold War. Harry Truman's speech announcing the founding of NATO is also a foundational document of development policy. In addition, we will provide military advice and weapons to independent countries that will assist us in maintaining peace and security.

Fourth, we will embark on a bold new initiative to make the benefits of our scientific progress and industrial progress available for the prosperity and growth of underdeveloped regions. More than half of the world's population lives in extreme poverty. Their food is not enough. They are sick. Their economic life is primitive and decaying. Their absence is a handicap and a threat to both them and prosperous regions.

For the first time in history, people have the knowledge and skills to alleviate the suffering of these people. Development aid aims to provide technical solutions to social problems without changing the social structure. The United States often opposes even negative changes in social structure, for example the land reform in Guatemala in the early 1950s.

 

ODA Figures 2004 (Example)

The combined official development assistance of OECD countries in 2004 was US$ 78.6 billion. The United States is the world's largest donor of ODA in absolute terms, at $19 billion, but this figure is comparable to the European Union's combined contribution of $42.9 billion.

Expressed as a percentage of GNI, Norway's contribution remains in the lead at 0.87%, with the EU tied at 0.36%. The United States remains the lowest contributor to the OECD as a percentage of GNI, at 0.16%.

 

The Effectiveness of Foreign Aid

Aid effectiveness refers to the extent to which development aid works and is highly controversial. Economists such as Peter Bauer and Milton Friedman argued in the 1960s that aid was ineffective. Many economic studies in recent years support the idea that development aid has no effect on the rate at which a country develops.

The negative effects of aid can include under appreciation of the recipient's money (known as Dutch disease), increased corruption, and negative political effects such as the postponement of economic reforms and of democracy.

There is also much debate about what type of development aid should be considered effective. It is argued that many government and government subsidies do not work because they are the only way to support important leaders. A good example is Mobuto Sese Seko, the former dictator of Zaire, who ended Western support after the end of the Cold War.

Another important point of criticism is that Western countries often project their own needs and solutions on other countries and cultures. As a result of these criticisms, Western aid is becoming more 'endogenous', meaning that needs and solutions are created by local cultures. It has also been said that aid based on direct grants creates dependence on corruption, and has a negative impact on local production.

As a result, there has been a shift towards aid based on local resource activation and incentive measures such as microcredit. A lot of aid has also proved ineffective because many third world countries are developing countries where ethnic tensions are high: sometimes one ethnic group will refuse to help to make rival ethnic groups more competitive strength.

In some cases, Western money from poor agriculture or other policies is wasted on poor countries, wiping out local production and increasing dependency.

In many cases, these loans are considered irrecoverable (for example because of the death or disappearance of the dictator) the money is canceled by the donor countries, which Consider it a development aid.

In many cases, Western governments impose regulations on Western companies in an attempt to finance them, and then ship those goods to poor countries with nothing to offer them. These projects are sometimes referred to as "white elephants".

Many of the above mistakes have been made because foreign investment is always bad for the economy: it removes money from the economy and stops economic growth.

It of creating wealth. This is one of the reasons why some subscribe to the "not helping but shopping" newsletter. A common criticism in recent years is that rich countries have imposed so many conditions on aid that it has reduced its effectiveness.

In the example of bilateral aid, donor countries often require the recipient to buy goods and services from the donor, even if they are cheaper than elsewhere. Other conditions include opening the country to foreign investment, although it may not be willing to do so.

Abhijit Banerjee and Ruimin He of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology conducted a rigorous review of the few independent studies of the success and failure of aid programs. They suggest that these programs are often very good forms of aid under normal circumstances: direct grants to families to cover children's education costs and medical bills for school uniforms and scholarships for selected adults and -illiterate to read and write de-worming and vitamin/nutritional supplements vaccination against HIV/AIDS indoor spraying program against malaria, proper mosquito nets fertilizers providing political services clean water like which happened in 1956 when the United States and the Soviet Union found themselves side by side of the Suez Crisis.

However, in the post-war years, bilateral and multilateral alliances and other security arrangements have increased, and political alliances, which include the political-political system and diplomatic and other relations, has become an important aspect of international relations.

This is especially true when the alliance process is successful, as it was in the 1950s and early 1968. Although many different multilateral alliances, including NATO, the Warsaw Pact, SEATO and CENTO, are now in disarray and have lost most of their originals.

Purpose and energy, the politics of NATO and other alliances continue to be a new and important part of the study of international relations at this time. Also, an Alliance can be defined as a legal agreement between two or more countries to cooperate in matters of national security.

 


Alliance Formation

In a rare exception, the decision to join the alliance was made by independent and independent countries. We will examine two closely related questions about the motives behind coalition politics.

First, why do countries choose to engage or refrain from external intervention? There is little agreement between the partners.

Many place great importance on the environment, emphasizing things such as the structure of the international system or the level of conflict and threats between the participating countries. Some types of countries are considered "collaborators", while others consider themselves to be independent from foreign military alliances.

Second, why do countries choose to join others? One condition is that countries with similar characteristics tend to be more cooperative than similar countries.

A different view is held by a large group of scientists who see the alliance as an effective expression of passing, albeit fleeting, interests rather than an expression of international emotional ties and race, culture, ideology or other characteristics.

Finally, there is no doubt that national security is an important part of the role of the local government to ensure the safety of its citizens in this era. It includes internal and external security measures including the use of military forces, intelligence services, civil society and benevolent foreign governments.

As the saying goes, "home security is everyone's responsibility". Therefore, it is important that all countries take these minimum measures to ensure national security. Also, foreign aid, although not always desirable, remains an important part of the foreign policy of advanced countries.

Foreign aid, when used properly by the recipient, adds value to the economy, but when it is misused or misused, it becomes a burden or a curse in the city. Although wedding rings are common and important, especially during difficult times, it seems to be popular recently.

However, what seems to be happening is to unite the weak countries in the framework of time, often with short-term goals. One example is the "Coalition of the willing" that the United States formed to continue the war against Iraq.

However, the North Atlantic Treaty Alliance (NATO) remains an important proof that the era of alliances has not passed in the international system. We have discussed the important issue of national security and identified the common measures to ensure that it is not compromised. We also looked at the issue of foreign aid and what it means for recipient countries.

In this article, we have discussed in depth the definition of the Alliance, the formation of the Alliance and the current importance.

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