6 Main Causes of Road Traffic Accidents


6 Main Causes of Road Traffic Accidents

A traffic accident is an unpleasant thing that can happen to a road user, although it happens often. The biggest shame is that we didn't learn anything from the mistakes we made along the way. Most of the road users are well aware of the general rules and safety measures while using the road, but it is only the weakness of the part of the road users that causes accidents and breakdowns. The main cause of accidents and breakdowns is due to human error.

We explain in detail that some normal human behavior leads to accidents; Speeding, drunk driving, driver distraction, jumping red lights, avoiding safety equipment such as seat belts and helmets and disobeying driving on the road and to go the wrong way, etc.

Various national and international researchers have found that this is a common behavior of drivers on the highway, causing accidents.

What is a Traffic Accident?

A traffic accident is an accident caused when a vehicle collides with another vehicle, object or person while passing. Road traffic is one of the leading causes of death in the world. It is unfortunate that at the great risk of being involved in a traffic accident, many road users show ignorance on the road.


6 Main Causes of Road Traffic Accidents

We explain in detail that some normal human behavior leads to accidents.

1. Over Speeding

2. Drunken Driving

3. Distractions to Driver

4. Red Light Jumping

5. Avoiding Safety Gears like Seat belts and Helmets

6. Non-adherence to lane driving and overtaking in a wrong manner


• Over Speeding

Most fatal accidents are caused by speeding. It is the nature of the human psyche to be positive. Given space, man will approach infinity in speed. But when we share the road with other workers, we are often behind this or that. 

Speeding increases the risk of accidents and serious injuries. Faster cars are more likely to have accidents than slower ones and the accident rate will be higher if the car is faster. The rate of this accident will be higher if the car is fast. The higher the speed, the greater the risk.

At high speeds, a car needs a long distance to stop, i.e. braking distance. A slow moving car stops immediately while a runner takes a long time to stop and runs a long distance due to the law of the concept. 

A speeding car will have a lot of impact during the accident, therefore causing injuries. The ability to judge upcoming events is also reduced when you drive too fast, causing misjudgment and ultimately accidents.


• Drunken Driving

Drinking alcohol to celebrate any occasion is common. But when mixed with driving, it turns the party into a disaster. Alcohol reduces concentration. It slows down the reaction time of the human body. Legs take longer to respond to instructions from the brain. It prevents vision due to dizziness. 

Alcohol creates fear and encourages people to take risks. All these things while driving cause accidents and often it turns out to be fatal. For every 0.05 increase in blood alcohol level, the risk of a crash doubles. Along with alcohol and many drugs, drugs also affect the skills and concentration necessary for driving.

First, we recommend that you do not drink alcohol. And if you feel that your celebration is not complete if there is no alcohol, do not drive under the influence of alcohol. Ask a sensible friend to drop you off at home.


• Distractions to Driver

Although being distracted while driving may be minor, it can lead to serious accidents. Distractions can be outside or inside the car. The main distraction these days is talking on a cell phone while driving. 

Talking on the phone is the main part of the brain and the smallest part that controls driving skills. This division of the brain impairs reaction time and judgment ability. This becomes one of the causes of accidents. Phone calls should not be answered while driving. If the call is urgent, go to the side of the road and answer the call.

Some of the distractions along the way are:

a. Adjust the mirror while driving

b. Stereo/Radio in the car

c. Animals are on the way

d. Banners and billboards.

These things should not distract the driver and reduce speed to stay safe during turns and other types of distractions.


• Red Light Jumping

It's common for cars to pass through the lanes regardless of the lights. The main purpose behind jumping red lights is to save time. A common misconception is that stopping at a red signal is a waste of time and fuel. Studies have shown that traffic signs that are well followed by all drivers save time and help travelers reach their destination safely and on time.

A person who jumps the red flag not only puts his life at risk but also the safety of other road users. This behavior of the driver prompts another driver to try it and eventually cause a disturbance at the crossing. This chaos on the roads is the main cause of traffic jams.

Eventually, everyone arrives at their destination on time. It has also been observed that the person running the red light is crossing the road at high speed to avoid the crash and the challis, but this hinders their ability to judge the traffic going to and fro -stuck most of the time.


• Non-adherence to lane driving and overtaking in a wrong manner

Using seat belts on four wheels is now the law and not wearing a seat belt is punishable, as is the case with helmets for both drivers. Seat belts and helmets were made mandatory after research showed that these two factors reduce the number of injuries in crashes.

Wearing a seat belt and helmet doubles your chances of survival in the event of a serious accident. Safety equipment keeps you safe in the event of an accident. Two-wheeled fatalities decreased significantly after mandatory helmet wearing. Standard listed safety equipment should be used and installed properly for best protection.

Other causes of Accidents include

1. Lack of concentration

2. Lack of experience

3. Poor eyesight

4. Poor car condition

5. Carelessness

Due to the negative effects of road accidents, it is important that we keep all the necessary precautions to drive safely.

These restrictions include:

1. Make sure your car is in good condition before you put it on the road.

2. Don't hesitate if you don't have a driver's license. Get the necessary training and experience before hitting the road

3. Avoid all distractions while driving. Don't forget….this call can wait!!!

4. Driving at medium and high speed.

5. Avoid riding late. Delaying gives you less time to react if you are in danger. 

6. Follow safe driving tips when driving in fog, etc.


Detrimental Effects of Traffic on Environment

• Security

• Noise

• Land use

• Air pollution

• Lower the knife


How Different Factors on the Road Cause Accidents

Drivers: Speeding, reckless driving, breaking the law, misunderstanding signs, fatigue, alcohol.

Pedestrian: Ignorance, illiteracy, crosses the wrong place while walking on the road, Jaywalkers.

Passengers: Throwing their bodies outside the bus, talking to the drivers, getting out of the wrong side of the bus while riding on a running board, grabbing a moving vehicle, etc.

Vehicle: brake or steering failure, tire failure, insufficient headlights, overload, plan load.

Road conditions: potholes, damaged roads, damaged roads connecting rural roads and highways, diversions, irregular traffic.

Weather: Fog, snow, heavy rain, strong wind, rain.


Accident Prevention Measures

1. Road safety education and awareness

2. Law enforcement is tough

3. Engineering:  (a) Vehicle design (b) Road infrastructure


Consequences of Accidents

1 Death 

2. Injury

3. Damage

4. Loss of Properties

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