Seven Types of Poultry Birds in Nigeria


Seven Types of Poultry Birds in Nigeria

How many types of poultry do you know besides chicken, turkey and duck? Let me know in the comments section. Often, when people talk about getting into poultry farming, what they think of is investing in raising chickens and sometimes raising turkeys.

In Nigeria, the Seven Types of Poultry Birds; Turkey, Ducks, Geese, Guinea Fowl, Quail, Chicken and Pigeon.

There are different types of poultry that you can raise besides chicken, which is the most common type of poultry that people invest in.

In this article, I will talk about seven different types of poultry that you can start as a farmer.


Here are Seven Types of Poultry Birds in Nigeria

• Turkey

• Ducks

• Geese

• Guinea Fowl

• Quail

• Chicken

• Pigeon



Seven Types of Poultry Birds in Nigeria

The first type of bird you can enter is the turkey. Turkeys are bigger and bigger than any type of bird you can imagine. Turkey was first raised in Mexico after the Second World War and is now widely grown in Canada, North America and the United States of America. Modern turkeys are descendants of wild turkeys called Meleagris gallopavo.

Turkeys are kept mainly for commercial purposes (meat production). They also lay eggs for feasting, but this is not common. The strange thing about turkeys is the fact that in some parts of Africa they are kept as pets and as a form of protection.

Male turkeys are usually larger than female turkeys and usually weigh between 5 and 11 kg while female turkeys weigh between 2.5 kg and 6 kg. It takes an average of 19 weeks or about five months to reach the maximum kill. The average lifespan of a domestic turkey is 10 years.

Turkeys can be raised in an open space or build a chicken house to raise them.

The classes of turkeys are:

•Roasters- These are young turkeys that are less than 16 weeks or 4 months old

• Hens - These are female turkeys and when they are about 21 weeks or five months old

• Tom - These are turkeys that are 52 weeks or 12 months old.

• Mature - These are turkeys that are over 65 weeks or 15 months old. Common types of turkeys are small Beltsville whites, black turkeys, state blues, Bourbon reds, etc.

Turkeys produce 45 poults per year and it takes 28 days for turkey eggs to hatch. They are often slaughtered for feasting at Thanksgiving and Christmas.



Seven Types of Poultry Birds in Nigeria

The second type of poultry you can raise is duck. Water ducks are usually smaller than geese and swans. Unlike turkeys, chickens, etc., ducks are rarely bred. They are often bred in England, the Netherlands, and the United States of America. Ducks are mainly raised for egg production and meat consumption. Their wings are a great source of income. A duck weighs about 0.72 kg and 1.6 kg

A male duck is called a drake while a female is called a duck. The average lifespan of a Mallard is 5 years.

There are 12 types of ducks which are:

• Dabbling ducks

• Diving duck

• Eider

• Goldeneye

• Merganser

• Perching Duck

• Scoter

• Sea Duck

• Stifftail

• Teal

• Whistling Duck

• Domestic Duck

There are over 40 types of ducks, but the most popular ones you can breed indoors are the Cayuga, Call, Campbell, Pekin, Indian Runner, and Muscovy. Ducks lay an average of 300 eggs per year.



Seven Types of Poultry Birds in Nigeria

The third type of poultry you can raise is the goose. Like ducks, geese are waterfowl, and the most common poultry species is the gray goose.  Geese are grouped into two main subspecies which are Anser and Branta. They were the first domesticated birds. Greylag geese were first bred in Europe, West and North Africa.

The swan was first born in East Asia and is often called the Chinese goose.

They are bred similarly to ducks for egg production and meat production. Their wings also have some advantages. Wild animals were domesticated in Egypt more than 3,000 years ago. The average weight of male geese is 5.2 kilograms while that of females is 4.8 kilograms. The goose has an average lifespan of 31 years.

The most common types of geese are Embden, White Czechoslovakian, Huoyan goose, Kuban, Lands and Toulouse. A male goose line produces an average of 55 to 65 eggs while a female line produces an average of 60 to 70 eggs per year.



Seven Types of Poultry Birds in Nigeria

Another type of poultry you can raise is poultry. Pet birds are called Pintados. They are from the family Numididae (Galliformes).  Guinea fowls are native to Africa and are often raised for meat.

The amazing thing about keeping guinea fowl is that they can be used to control ticks on farms. They are known for their vocal work and are used as protection for other birds in the farm.

Guinea fowl usually weigh about 1-1.5 kg at 12 weeks when they are ready for sale and slaughter. The average life expectancy of Guineans is between 10 and 15 years.

There are 3 different types of birds namely pearl, lavender and white. You can also cross guinea fowl with chicken.

The most common breeds of guinea fowl are:

• White-breasted guineafowl

• Black guineafowl

• Helmeted guineafowl

• Plumed guineafowl

• Crested guineafowl

• Vulturine guineafowl

• Numida Meleagris.

They lay about 30 eggs in a deep nest. Ducks hide the nests they build before laying eggs and share them with other hens. Their eggs are small, they are dark and white in color.

Guinea fowl meat is leaner than chicken and turkey meat, and the eggs are smaller and darker than chicken eggs. They have an incubation period of 28 days and when the egg is laid it is called Keets.



Seven Types of Poultry Birds in Nigeria

The fifth on the list of types of poultry that you can raise on the farm is quail. They are semi-dominant birds classified as game birds in the Phasianidae and Odontophoridae families. Quil has about 130 types.

Quails are bred for meat consumption and egg production. The egg is used as medicine for many types of diseases. China is the largest producer of quail meat in the world with 160,000,000 kilograms per year. The lifespan of a quail is 3-5 years and weighs about 0.096 kg.

Their main diet is insects, although they eat fruits, leaves and berries.

The most popular types of quail are:

• Japanese quail (Coturnix)

• Italian Quail

• English White quail

• British Range quail

• Ornamental quail

• Gambel’s quail

They lay an average of 200 eggs per year, and it takes about 23 days to hatch their eggs.



Seven Types of Poultry Birds in Nigeria

The following types of poultry are the most commonly kept throughout the world. Chickens are versatile birds (egg production and meat consumption). In 2018, there are 30 billion chickens in the world. Chickens are also kept as pets. In the United States, Canada and Australia, a male chicken over one year old is called a rooster.

Chickens can weigh from 3.4 kg to 3.9 kg and have a lifespan of 5 to 10 years.

The most common types of chicken divided into three (American, Mediterranean and English) are:

• Rhode Island (Red and White)

• New Hampshire

• Leghorn

• Sussex

• Orpington

• Sussex

Chickens start laying from 16 weeks depending on the type and breed you keep. A hen lays eggs every 24-26 hours and can produce up to 240 eggs per year. If you are thinking of starting a chicken farm and don't know where to start, read this article on how to start a chicken farm.



Seven Types of Poultry Birds in Nigeria

The last type of poultry you can raise is the pigeon. Pigeons are part of the Columbidae family along with the pigeons. Domestic pigeons are called squabs and are descended from rock pigeons (also known as pigeons). They are bred for sport and as a messenger and mainly for meat consumption. Pigeons are more recreational birds than commercial birds. Pigeons weigh about 2.1 kilograms and have a lifespan of 6 years.

The most common types of pigeons are:

• Fliers

• Fancy breed

• Utility breed

Pigeons nest when they are about 25 to 30 days old. They lay about 24 eggs per year.


Final Thought

There are other types of poultry that you can enter. They are but not limited to emu, ostrich, pheasant, etc. Depending on your situation, some birds may not be easy to keep, but I can guarantee you that at least 4 on the list are things you can start right away and get money from them.

I would like to know the types of poultry birds mentioned in this article, which ones will you raise in your farm?

If you found this article useful, be sure to share it. You can also check out the article where I compare the two highest paying farming jobs, poultry and fishing.

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