What animals live in the Amazon? And 9 other Amazon facts


What animals live in the Amazon? And 9 other Amazon facts

The Amazon is a very distinctive region. It is the most biologically diverse region on Earth, with the biggest rain forest, rivers, and river systems. Millions of species, the majority of which have not yet been described, are present.

The freshwater and forest systems of the Amazon are both in danger. In 69 percent of the Amazon forest since 2000, rainfall has decreased. According to WWF, if the current rate of deforestation continues, by 2030 27 percent of the Amazon biome will be devoid of trees. The Amazon needs to be protected and conserved, but WWF has been working to do so.


Discover More Information About this Unique Area

What animals live in the Amazon? And 9 other Amazon facts

1. What Kinds of Creatures Can you Find in the Amazon?

Sloths, black spider monkeys, and poison dart frogs live in the Amazon, which is one of the last remaining habitats for jaguars, harpy eagles, and pink river dolphins. 

It has more than 370 different species of reptiles, 40,000 plant species, and one out of every ten species known to exist on Earth. Since 1999, more than 2,000 new plant and vertebrate species have been discovered, including a monkey that purrs like a cat.


2. How Many Nations Does the Amazon Encompass?

Eight nations make up this enormous area, which is roughly two-thirds the size of the US: Guyana, Suriname, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, and French Guiana's overseas territory. The Amazon basin spans 2.6 million square miles and is made up of 1.4 billion acres of dense forests, half of the world's remaining tropical forests, 4,100 miles of winding rivers, and other natural features. It covers about 40% of South America.


3. What Types of Birds are Present in the Amazon?

The Amazon is one of the bird kingdoms with the greatest diversity, with over a thousand different species of birds living there, including hummingbirds, macaws, hoatzins, and channel-billed toucans. Macaws, a symbol of the Amazon, are incredibly intelligent and sociable birds that live in groups of 10 to 30 other birds. They can live up to 60 years and mate for life. Even some animal species can mimic human speech. However, deforestation and the illegal pet trade pose threats to macaws.


4. What Makes the Amazon Important?

In the Amazon, more than 30 million people, including 350 indigenous and ethnic groups, rely on nature for their agriculture, clothing, and traditional medicines. The condition of the Amazon is directly related to the state of the planet. The 90–140 billion tons of carbon that the rain forests hold contribute to the stabilization of both regional and global climate. Additionally, the Amazon releases 7 trillion tons of water into the atmosphere annually, and its forests recycle between 50 and 75 percent of the rainfall that falls there.


5. What Dangers Exist for the Amazon?

Numerous threats exist for the Amazon, such as deforestation brought on by extensive cattle ranching and agricultural expansion, poorly designed infrastructure, unsustainable and illegal resource extraction, and climate change.


6. What Steps is the WWF taking to Safeguard the Amazon?

For more than 40 years, WWF has worked to preserve and protect the Amazon. When it comes to soy farming, cattle ranching, hydropower, illegal and unsustainable logging, and infrastructure, WWF works to address the causes of deforestation.


7. What does the Program for Amazon Region Protected Areas entail?

With the goal of preserving 150 million acres of the Brazilian Amazon, WWF and our partners introduced Project Finance for Permanence in Brazil. We collaborated with both public and private organizations to raise $215 million for the establishment, fusion, and upkeep of a network of 114 protected areas. The network, which goes by the name of the Amazon Region Protected Areas program, is almost three times bigger than all of the national parks in the US put together.

Presently, WWF is putting the same strategy to the test for the protected area systems in a number of other nations, including Bhutan, Peru, and Colombia, which are crucial for conservation.


8. What Effects is Climate Change Having on the Amazon?

The networks of water and forests that support wildlife are at risk from climate change. Droughts of historic proportions have been caused by higher temperatures and less rain. In 2005 and 2010, the Amazon experienced the worst droughts in 100 years. Long dry spells ruin fisheries, destroy crops, and cause forest fires. This may cause significant changes in the composition of ecosystems and the extinction of some species. In order to ensure that nearby wildlife areas can adapt to a warmer world, WWF works with farmers to protect their crops from heavy rains and droughts.


9. What can be Done to Safeguard the Amazon?

You can support the preservation of the Amazon in a variety of ways. You can inform your family and friends about the value of the Amazon. You can learn to be a discerning shopper by learning how your food and other purchases are made and by choosing FSC-labeled goods. You can lessen both your use of fossil fuels and your environmental impact. By telling their stories and bringing up environmental issues, you can also advocate for the Amazonian peoples.

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