10 Most Significant Functions of Religion


10 Most Significant Functions of Religion

Because religion serves many fundamental purposes in human societies, it is a cultural universal. It is a prerequisite for living in a group. These include both overt and covert functions in terms of sociology. Determining the spiritual realm and giving the divine meaning are among the manifest (open and stated) purposes of religion.

Religion offers an explanation for things that are hard to comprehend. Latent religious purposes, on the other hand, are undesired, secret, or hidden. According to functionalists, religion is essential for society and the individual because it fulfills both overt and covert purposes.

The following are some of the most significant roles that religion plays: Integrative Force, Moral Community Building, Social Control, Rites of Passage, Emotional Support, Legitimating Role, Psychologizing Role, Psychotherapy, Agent of Social Change, Agent of De-Stigmatization, etc.


Here are the 10 Most Significant Functions of Religion

10 Most Significant Functions of Religion

1. Mindfulness is facilitated by religion

Life is unpredictable. Amid the dangers, insecurities, and uncertainties, he fights for his life. At times, he feels helpless. In all of these times of adversity, it is his religion that comforts and inspires him. The right shelter comes from religion. He receives mental tranquility and emotional support. It inspires him to confront his issues and his life.


2. It inculcates social virtues

Truth, honesty, nonviolence, service, love, discipline, and other important social virtues are promoted by religion. An adherent of a particular religion internalizes these virtues and develops into a responsible member of society.


3. Religion fosters social cohesion

Brotherhood is fostered by religion. According to Durkheim, religion fosters social cohesion. A. W. Geen also emphasized that in human society, religion is the most powerful force for integrating and validating. True, there is a lot of shared sentiment, common belief, worship, ritual participation, etc. are the key clinging elements that support solidarity and unity.


4. Religion transforms the characteristics of animals into those of humans

The spirit of self-service is ingrained in religion. It demands that people act charitably and generously. He forgets about problems in the outside world through various religious experiences. Through this experience, man's animal instincts are subdued and transformed into human traits.


5. Religion functions as a socialization and social control agent

According to Parsons, one of the most significant socialization and social control agents is religion. It plays a big part in planning and guiding social life. It supports the upholding of social norms and the development of social control. It performs various forms of control over both the individual and the group as well as socialization of the individual. Religion controls people's behavior in its own unique way through informal means. churches, mosques, gurdwaras, and other religious institutions. likewise have different levels of control over people's behavior.


6. Welfare is promoted by religion

People are taught through religion to put others first and advance their welfare. That "serving humanity is serving God" is the message it conveys. People spend money to feed the poor and those in need because of this. great religions like Islam, Christianity, and Hinduism, among others. emphasize giving to the needy and begging people. As a result, the concept of cooperation and mutual aid is introduced, developing people's philanthropic attitudes. Due to their religious beliefs, various religious organizations participate in a range of charitable endeavors.


7. Religion provides entertainment

Religion has a charming influence on how people pass their leisure time. Every religion practices religious rites and festivals that, in some way, relieve people from mental strain. In a similar vein, religious sermons, kirtans, bhajans, and concerts that end with hymns are all acceptable. gives people a lot more pleasure and offers them endless entertainment.


8. Economy and religion are related

The connection between religion and the economic system was correctly established by sociologists like Max Weber and Sombart. Weber noted how Protestant ethics impacted the rise of capitalism. Sombart discovered this spirit of capitalism in Jewish customs. In protestant countries, but not in nations like India, Pakistan, etc., capitalism grew due to the distinctive religious principles of Christianity.


9. Political system is influenced by religion

In both ancient and modern societies, religion has been a major factor in the political system. Political activities are still influenced by religion, both directly and indirectly, in many modern-day nations. The monarchs were governing society in the name of God during the ancient and medieval periods, or treating themselves as the representatives of God. Political leaders still swear allegiance to God when taking an oath. the political systems of nations around the world like Bhutan, Pakistan, Italy, Germany, and England, etc. religious beliefs have an impact.


10. Self-confidence is strengthened by religion

Self-confidence can be boosted through religion. The notions that "work is worship," "duty is divine," "results are predestined," etc. which is present in many religions gives the individual strength and fosters confidence.

Post a Comment