10 Factors and Solutions Leading to High Food Prices in Nigeria


10 Factors and Solutions Leading to High Food Prices in Nigeria

In this post, we will look at the factors causing high food prices in Nigeria and possible solutions to these problems.

Human biological systems require food along with oxygen from the air to function normally. This is a free gift from God. 

The importance of food to humans cannot be emphasized or ignored. When food is metabolized and digested in the body, it provides the calories needed for energy for daily activities. But again, not all foods are available or grown as a single plant. This means that food is a mixture of different components called food ingredients or foods.

The factors leading to high food prices in Nigeria are high transport costs, fuel rises, lack of good road, multiple collection points, severe traffic congestion, high farm maintenance costs, import duties and taxes, high export rate, high cost of fertilizers, outbreak of plant diseases etc.

To benefit from the many health benefits that food can bring, your diet must be balanced. This should cover all or most of the important nutrient categories. 

If the nutritious foods that balance our diet are unavailable or too expensive for low-income people to buy, it becomes a problem not only for a household, but for the entire nation. . .

Nigeria is a country with good land for agriculture and water supply What are the factors affecting the increase in food prices? The answer to this question is what we will discuss in this article.


Factors Responsible for High Food Costs in Nigeria

10 Factors and Solutions Leading to High Food Prices in Nigeria

The following factors listed and explained below are those that play a significant role in the high cost of food in Nigeria.


• High Transport Costs

The food production process does not end when a crop produces fruits, leaves, seeds or tubers or when processed foods are successfully preserved. The food production process ends when the food reaches the final consumer.

Transportation is needed to transport food from farms or industries to warehouses and wholesalers who distribute it to stores across the country. There are many other substances that contribute to high transportation costs. These factors can be recognized as follows


• Fuel Rises

Trucks and vans do not work with water and require crude oil or diesel. Now, this essential item is either precious or rare. Of course, fuel shortages lead to higher fuel prices. Rising fuel prices lead to significant increases in food prices.


• Lack of Good Road

The driver who moves this food finished in another geographical area of ​​the country connects the land to take into account the cost of recovery of vehicles. This is a direct road and has all the opportunities to think about the price of such an article.


• Multiple Collection Points

Drivers must arrange for more than one person to carry these foods. These payments are made in cash rather than in kind. If the driver has to pay these people out of pocket, they should receive an amount that covers the amount they will spend because of this particular factor. Like any other factor, this increases the price of such an item.


•  Severe Traffic Congestion

You might be wondering what corporate traffic congestion has to do with high food costs, but surprisingly, it also plays a role, as we'll explain here. When a driver who previously transported goods three or more times a day is asked to transport goods in a place where the roads are extremely congested. He understands that due to the large number of vehicles no more than three deliveries are made per day.

They might want to cover the missed opportunity by charging a higher fee for the job. This adds to the cost of the transported item.

In conclusion, it can be seen that anything that contributes to higher shipping costs will increase the price of the transported item. Because no manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer or farmer can afford to take losses to feed the country.

So, we factor in shipping costs, which explains why some things are cheaper in certain areas. But it's expensive elsewhere.


•  High Farm Maintenance Costs

Whether it's an animal or a plant, it costs money to take care of it. In agricultural crops, the farmer must control pests by using pesticides. Nutrients must be supplied to plants in the form of fertilizers, labor and other factors. 

For animals, it is necessary to determine the treatment of sick animals, replacement of bedding and other factors. If the cost of this material is pesticide, herbicide, fertilizer or medicine. This can increase foods.  


• Import Duties and Taxes

Higher import duties or taxes on raw materials needed to produce food increase the price of the product.


• High Export Rate

In an interview with Minister Lai Mohammed on why food prices are high, he explained that there is a high demand for our grains and cereals from other parts of Africa and farmers cannot be stopped, especially because of the ECOWAS protocol. Free movement of goods and services. He also said that there were over 130 billion people from the agricultural exports of a -nine in the second quarter of this year. If there is a high rate of exports, there is no doubt that the impact on the high price of food is not doubtful.


•  High Cost of Fertilizers

Fertilizers are very important agricultural inputs for supplementing or replenishing soil deficiencies. Fertilizer prices have been steadily increasing since the 1990s. This increase in prices is very harmful to farmers as it indirectly decreases and reduces the productivity of the crops grown. Increasing fertilizer prices will lead to higher prices for the crops harvested or the fruits that use them.


• Outbreak of Plant Diseases

Controlling and treating disease centers in crops and livestock requires a lot of money. In some cases, despite treatment, farmers unfortunately still suffer loss of crops and livestock. This also affects the selling price of that item.


Solutions to the High Food Prices in Nigeria

Now that you've successfully identified the factors driving up your food costs, let's look at possible solutions you can implement.

1.  Factors causing high transmission rates must be considered and addressed. Oil prices must be stabilized at a level favorable to the people. The roads leading to this area must be repaired and adapted to human traffic. Collection centers should be reduced to at least two or three.

This helps reduce transport costs by reducing the burden on drivers.

In areas with severe traffic congestion, overpasses or alternative roads should be built. Pedestrian bridges should be built to ensure the safety of pedestrians.

2. Governments should subsidize the basic materials needed to grow food. These include pesticides, fertilizers and herbicides. Fertilizers are now subsidized by the state.

3. Import duties and taxes on raw materials required for production must be removed.

4. The government must work with farmers to limit the export of food ingredients.

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